Cite wwPDB

Cite a PDB structure entry using its PDB ID and corresponding primary reference. For example:

PDB ID: 102L

D.W. Heinz, W.A. Baase, F.W. Dahlquist, B.W. Matthews (1993) How Amino-Acid Insertions are Allowed in an Alpha-Helix of T4 Lysozyme Nature 361:561.

An entry without a published reference can be cited with the PDB ID, author names, and title:


W. Shi, D.A. Ostrov, S.E. Gerchman, V. Graziano, H. Kycia, B. Studier, S.C. Almo, S.K. Burley, New York Structural GenomiX Research Consortium (NYSGXRC). The Structure of PNP Oxidase from S. cerevisiae

An entry may also be referenced using its Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The DOIs for PDB entries all have the same format: 10.2210/pdbXXXX/pdb, where XXXX is replaced with the PDB ID (e.g., 10.2210/pdb4hhb/pdb)

The DOI can be used as part of a URL (, or can be entered in a DOI resolver ( to automatically link to the entry on the PDB FTP archive (

The wwPDB should be referenced with the URL and the following citation:

H.M. Berman, K. Henrick, H. Nakamura (2003) Announcing the worldwide Protein Data Bank Nature Structural Biology 10 (12): 980.

H.M. Berman, K. Henrick, H.Nakamura, J.L. Markley (2007) The Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB): Ensuring a single, uniform archive of PDB data Nucleic Acids Res. 35 (Database issue): D301-3.

wwPDB consortium. (2019) Protein Data Bank: the single global archive for 3D macromolecular structure data. Nucleic Acids Res 47: D520-D528 doi: 10.1093/nar/gky949.